Suicide is complicated.
By definition, suicide is the act of taking one’s own life voluntarily and intentionally.
Learn about Suicide and How to Prevent it with the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention. Or Suicide Prevention education in schools with NASP.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
Feelings of hopelessness and extreme depression
Talking about wanting to die or wanting to kill themselves
Talking about feeling empty, hopeless, or having no reason to live
Making a plan or looking for a way to commit suicide, such as searching for lethal methods online, stockpiling pills, or buying a gun
Talking about great guilt or shame
Talking about feeling trapped or feeling as if there are no solutions
Feeling unbearable pain (emotional or physical)
Talking about being a burden to others
Using alcohol or drugs more often
Acting anxious or agitated
Withdrawal from family and friends
Changing eating and/or sleeping habits
Showing rage or talking about seeking revenge
Taking great risks that could lead to death, such as driving dangerously
Talking or thinking about death often
Displaying extreme mood swings, such as suddenly changing from very sad to very calm or happy
Giving away important possessions
Saying goodbye to friends and family
Putting affairs in order and/or making a will
Being extremely happy, elated to die
Overly exhausted, or overly energized
Never going out or going out very often
Withdrawing from life and acting “off”
Stops talking about how they feel
Mental illness or other psychological disorders such as neurodiversity or substance abuse
Medical conditions such as terminal illnesses or chronic pain
Personal story or family history of suicide
Violence or harrassent such as family violence, sexual violence, etc.
Having guns or firearms in the home
Institutionalization in jails, etc.
Being exposed to suicidal behavior from friends, relatives, and other influential people (more info at bottom)
Know the signs and symptoms
Treatment such as psychotherapy, medication, or collaborative care
Collaborative Plan NIMH
Contact a Hotline
The goal of hotlines is to deescalate stressful/harmful/traumatic situations by providing emotional support.
After your first text, you will soon receive a generated message that asks you to tell you more about your situation in order to let them know about what they can do and evaluate your priority.
After that you will be connected to a crisis counselor. This is a non-judgmental, trusting person who is trained to provide talk you into a calmer state by providing active listening and support.
The conversation lasts until you are ready to end it. Often they will ask you if you are in an improved state. If not and you or someone you know are in immediate danger, emergency services will be sent to your house.
FOR SUVIVORS AND GRIEVERS
Click the link above for
"A selection of organizations, websites, and materials that can help people who have lost someone to suicide. Many of these resources were developed by survivors of suicide loss. Although not the focus of this sheet, many of the organizations listed also provide guidance on becoming involved in prevention, advocacy, and support for other survivors."