PERSISTENT DEPRESSIVE DISORDER

Persistent Depressive Disorder (PDD), also known as Dysthymia, is a mild form of depression that occurs long term. Symptoms of PDD can include feelings of hopelessness, low self-esteem, loss of interest, avoidance, irritability, sleep changes, a lack of appetite, and trouble concentrating. PDD often appears during childhood or adolescence and may vary in severity over time.

 
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SYMPTOMS

Indecisiveness

Lack of interest in daily activities

Poor self-esteem

Negative thoughts

Avoidance of social activities

Consistent feelings of sadness and hopelessness

Excessive sleepiness or insomnia

Low energy

Change in appetite

Difficulty concentrating

 

STIGMA AROUND PERSISTENT DEPRESSION

Misconception vs. Reality

“People with PDD are often perceived as “always sad.”  “

While the requirement for a diagnosis of PDD is a two year minimum depressive state, people who suffer from the disorder will experience both good and bad days. Those with PDD are not “miserable” at all times. 


“PDD is easy to diagnose.”

PDD is relatively hard to diagnose, as it requires a continues depressive state of at least two years and is frequently mistaken for major depressive disorder (MDD). Although people with PDD are able to function rather well in their daily lives, they are often unable to reach their optimum performance.


“PDD is not related to other physical health conditions.”

 PDD typically occurs in the presence of another disorder. Some of the most frequently co-existing disorders include major depressive disorder (MDD), substance use disorders, and personality disorders (including BPD).


“PDD is not as serious as other illnesses, as it is only a mild type of depression.”

Without treatment, PDD can further develop and may become as severe as major depressive disorder (MDD). To help prevent the formation or advancement of thoughts of suicide or self harm, lack of motivation, and chronic lethargy, it is best that those stuggling seek presfessional treatment. 

 

PERSISTENT DEPRESSIVE DISORDER TREATMENT

  • Medication may include various types of antidepressants 

  • Talk therapy can help people who are struggling learn how to:

    1. Express thoughts & feelings in a healthy manner

    2. Cope with emotions

    3. Identify triggers

    4. Work through negativity

    5. Set realistic goals

  • Lifestyle changes may include:

    1. Exercising multiple times a week

    2. Eating natural foods rather than processed ones

    3. Avoiding drugs and alcohol

    4. Writing in a journal

    5. Supplements

 

RESOURCES

Project Calendula is intended to be a prelude for your mental health journey by guiding your education and advocacy. We are not a mental health service. 

If you or someone you know are in crisis, please call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline (U.S.): 800-273-8255

If you or someone you know are struggling, please visit the resources at the bottom of this section to find a mental health professional near you.


Please visit any of the following websites for further information on mental illness education.

HEALTHLINE

For symptoms, treatment, and more resources, visit the website below.

MAYO CLINIC

For an overview on causes, symptoms, treatment and more related articles visit Mayo Clinic.

HARVARD HEALTH

For symptoms, treatment, and more resources, visit the website below.

 
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